Sports Knee Injuries
What is it?
Pain around the knee does not only happen to runners but to any one of us while we carry out our daily activities. Knee pain may also be in the front, sides, or across the knee.
Your orthopaedic surgeon will take a detailed history to determine the type of activities that aggravate your knee pain and performed a thorough clinical examination to identify the affected parts of your knee.
What causes runners’ knee?
Common causes of knee pain include muscle imbalance and overexertion in activities like lunges, squats, and jumps. Weak quadriceps muscles of the thigh may cause the patella to be pulled in the wrong direction as the knee is straightened and flexed.
Although it is your knee that is hurting, your feet could be the cause of the symptoms. Patients with flat feet or over pronated feet are unable to support their knee the way they should. Excessive stress around the knee will cause knee pain overtime, even with simple daily activities.
What can I do about it?
Your orthopaedic surgeon will assess your feet and both legs for any problems of malalignment. Insoles may be used to correct problems with flat feet.
A customized rehabilitation program will be done by your orthopaedic surgeon and physiotherapist to restore the strength in the quadriceps muscles of your thigh and improve the pull of the patella.
Chondromalacia patella is a condition where the cartilage under the patella breaks down. After a thorough clinical examination by your orthopaedic surgeon, an MRI scan of your knee will be done to assess the cartilage under the patella. There is evidence to show that intra articular injections such as platelet rich protein (PRP) and viscosupplementation are effective in reducing pain and improving function in patients with arthritic knee pain.